Ngamba Island Chimpanzee Sanctuary and Wildlife Conservation Trust (CSWCT) was established as a national and international initiative aimed at developing and implementing a long-term strategy for conservation of chimpanzees and their habitat. Ngamba Island is a home to about 40 orphaned chimpanzees which are an endangered species found in forests and 20 of which have been brought to the island from when the sanctuary opened.
Ngamba Island Chimpanzee Sanctuary was established 1998 for the care and welfare of entrusted animals while conserving as far as possible the ecosystem of the island. It was set up by the Born Free Foundation (UK), International Fund for Animal Welfare (USA), the Jane Goodall Institute (Germany and Uganda), The Uganda Wildlife Education Centre Trust (UWECT) and the Zoological Board of New South Wales (Australia) to offer a secure home to orphaned chimps whose return to their natural habitat is not possible while educating the pubic about these animal species and the importance of conserving the fragile forest habitat. Ninety eight out of the 100 island acres are forested and separated from the area of the visitor by an electric fence.
The Sanctuary activities include giving care captive chimpanzees, managing the sanctuary for confiscated chimpanzees that cannot be returned to the wild, intervening in helping chimps in the wild when if necessary, educate Ugandan public on chimpanzees and ecotourism and capacity building through training and building viable national, regional and international partnerships on chimpanzee conservation among others.
The major threats to survival of the species are illegal poaching for “bush meat” and the pet trade, as well as deforestation for agriculture and logging